I don’t know if I am inventing a
term now, but I have a repetitive reaction that I get every
time I get back from a longer journey, vacation, or just an
action packed weekend. I call it Post Adventure Depression
(PAD). Very simplified it is cooping with getting back to
every day repetitive activities. This depression is affecting
work and my personal life. At work I just wish there was more
action, and after work I get very lonely. The closest to a
cure I get is to activate myself on daily basis after work.
I find all kinds of extreme sports giving me some satisfaction.
I spend my thoughts planning and focusing on my next adventure,
to the point where people calls me a dreamer.
Below are some definitions and explanations
to the personality Sniper has been categorized in. I will
also give a brief understanding of terminology that you will
come across reading about thrill seeking personalities. I
hope you get a better understanding of me and also find explanations
why you feel like you do...
Frank Farley added this to personality type to the traditional
duo of Type-A personality and Type-B personality. Type-T is
characterized by taking risks and constantly seeking excitement,
novelty, and other stimulation. Type-T personalities can be
channeled either creatively and/or destructively.
Brain researchers found that some
people lack an enzyme (called MAO) that facilitates
neuron transmission between receptors. Adventure and thrill
seekers seem to be deficient in this MAO enzyme. The only way a type-T person
can get elevated levels is by doing high-adrenaline activities."
True adrenaline junkies are the ones who cannot be happy unless
they push the limits in some way. They are these extreme people
who do their work with great professionalism, but when you
go out to a pub with them, they're completely different. They
spend life in a fast intense way, and love trying everything
life has to offer. They don't seem to be afraid of anything.
Take the test to see if you are a
type-T person here
junkie is somebody who appears to be addicted to adrenaline.
The term came into use in 1993. Originally, it was used to
describe argumentative people who deliberately (consciously
or unconsciously) find excuses to get an adrenaline fix. This
mode of receiving a fix is deemed just as addictive as a recreational
drug (such as heroin, hence the term "junkie"),
but can be considered more harmful if it involves other people.
The phrase adrenaline junkie was used in the 1991 movie Point
Break to describe the "Ex-Presidents."
Adrenaline junkies enjoy engaging
in activities that stimulate the adrenal glands, which
are responsible for producing a broad spectrum of hormones
which cause the stress response, also known as the fight-or-flight
response. Adrenaline is the most well-known hormone in
this family, although each of the hormones, including noradrenaline, cortisol,
and various other catecholamines
and corticosteroids, play a part in the stress response. The
effects include hyperarousal, increased
blood flow, heightened pulse rate, and increased physical
performance, which adrenaline junkies find an enjoyable and
invigorating state of mind and body.
Any number of extreme sports or dangerous
activities could be associated with the phenomenon, such as
dirt bike riding, downhill skiing, skydiving, base jumping,
whitewater kayaking, martial arts or rock climbing. Some prefer
more aggressive activities such as picking real fights. Less
physical pursuits include gambling, stock market trading,
graffiti, or even shoplifting. Anything to get a trill.
Although the term "adrenaline
junkie" is normally used facetiously and without any
genuine implication of addiction, there may be an element
of truth to the description. Psychological addiction to an
"adrenaline rush" has been reported numerous times.
An adrenaline rush
is usually accompanied by an increase in endorphin
activity. Endorphins are responsible for feelings of
well being, as well as pain relief.
For an adrenaline junkie endorphin-stimulating activity, whether it is extreme
sports or just laughter, sex, artistic expression or religious
experience result in addictions and the need for constant
ADD / ADHD (Attention-Deficit
ADD and ADHD
is diagnose. Adults with these diagnoses
are often bored with tedious, repetitive tasks. They may also
trouble with planning and organization. Procrastination is
common. Impulsivity may lead to frequent job changes, troubled
romantic relationships, financial problems and a tendency
to interrupt others. College students may have trouble staying
focused on paperwork or lectures. Because of difficulties
following through on commitments, the individual is often
called selfish and immature.
People with these conditions often
have learning disabilities, dyslexia and often end up in need
of stimuli in form of drugs or extreme sports.
The condition is a result of lack of dopamine and/or noradrenalin
into the brain. Simply put, these substances are the ones
telling the brain we are satisfied. People with this diagnose
is basically in need of far much more stimuli than the average person.
Treatment of adults often involves
teach how to structure his or her life, while allowing for
some spontaneity. Time management and planning are important
skills. Daily planners and task lists are beneficial. Often
the individual can enlist the help of family or coworkers
to help him stay organized. It is important that the adult
with these conditions chose a vocation that suits his or her
interests and personality style. It is often best to avoid
jobs that emphasize weaknesses such as repetitive tasks, and
find jobs that focus on one's energy, and ability to shift
from task to task. Individuals who experience physical restlessness
should try to schedule regular exercise or work breaks.
While these conditions can be a burden
for some, it can also be a gift. If it were an entirely negative
trait, it would have died out thousands of years ago. Individuals
with ADHD are often energetic, creative and willing to take
risks. Often this gift comes into focus after the individual
acquires a degree of self-knowledge and learns to channel
his energy and creativity.
Some Norepinephrine (adrenaline), along with
dopamine, has come to be recognized as
playing a large role in attention and focus. For people with
ADD/ADHD, psychostimulant medications are prescribed to help increase
levels of norepinephrine
Take a test here and se if you have
ADD or ADHD
MAO ENZYME (Monoamine
MAO is an enzyme
that plays a vital role that MAOs
play in the inactivation of neurotransmitters. MAO dysfunction
(too much/too little MAO activity) is thought to be responsible
for a number of neurological disorders. For example, unusually
high or low levels of MAOs in the
body have been associated with depression, substance abuse,
attention deficit disorder, and irregular sexual maturation.
MAO inhibitors are one of the major classes of drug prescribed
for the treatment of depression, although they are last line
treatment due to risk of the drug's interaction with diet
or other drugs. Excessive levels of catecholamines (epinephrine, norepinephrine,
and dopamine) may
lead to a hypertensive crisis, and excessive levels of serotonin
may lead to serotonin syndrome.
The genes encoding MAO are located
side-by-side on the short arm of the X chromosome, and have
about 70% sequence similarity. A version of the primate MAO-A
gene has been referred to as the "Warrior gene".
EPINEPHRINE / ADRENALIN
also called adrenaline is a hormone and neurotransmitter.
It is a catecholamine, a sympathomimetic monoamine derived from the amino acids phenylalanine
and tyrosine. Epinephrine is a "fight or flight"
hormone, and plays a central role in the short-term stress
reaction. It is released from the adrenal glands when danger
threatens or in an emergency. Such triggers may be threatening,
exciting, or environmental stressor conditions such as high
noise levels or bright light (Fight-or-flight
When secreted into the bloodstream,
it rapidly prepares the body for action in emergency situations.
The hormone boosts the supply of oxygen and glucose to the
brain and muscles, while suppressing other non-emergency bodily
processes (digestion in particular).
It increases heart rate and stroke
volume, dilates the pupils, and constricts arterioles in the
skin and gut while dilating arterioles in skeletal muscles.
It elevates the blood sugar level by increasing catalysis
of glycogen to glucose in the liver, and at the same time
begins the breakdown of lipids in fat cells. Like some other
stress hormones, epinephrine has a negative effect on the
Although epinephrine does not have any psychoactive effects, stress or arousal
also releases norepinephrine
in the brain. Norepinephrine
has similar actions in the body, but is also psychoactive.
is synthesized from dopamine
by dopamine. It is released from the adrenal
medulla into the blood as a hormone, and is also a neurotransmitter
in the central nervous system and sympathetic nervous system
where it is released from noradrenergic neurons.
As a stress hormone, norepinephrine affects parts of the brain where attention
and responding actions are controlled. Along with epinephrine,
norepinephrine also underlies the fight-or-flight response, directly increasing heart rate, triggering
the release of glucose from energy stores, and increasing
blood flow to skeletal muscle.
However, when norepinephrine acts as a drug it
will increase blood pressure, triggering a compensatory reflex
that overcomes its direct stimulatory effects on the heart.
The reflex, called the baroreceptor reflex, results in a drop in heart rate called
a hormone and neurotransmitter. In the brain, dopamine functions
as a neurotransmitter, activating five types of dopamine receptors,
and their variants. Dopamine is produced in several areas
of the brain, including the substantia
nigra. Dopamine is also a neurohormone
released by the hypothalamus. Its main function as a hormone
is to inhibit the release of prolactin
from the anterior lobe of the pituitary.
Dopamine can be supplied as a medication
that acts on the sympathetic nervous system, producing effects
such as increased heart rate and blood pressure. However,
because dopamine cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, dopamine
given as a drug does not directly affect the central nervous
are responsible for feelings of well being, as well as pain
relief. Due to synaptic plasticity, increased endorphin activity
creates an increase in endorphin receptor sites, which in
turn can create a stronger desire for endorphins. Synaptic
plasticity and receptor site proliferation are widely believed
to be the mechanisms by which chemical addictions are developed.
Endorphins are produced by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus in
vertebrates during demanding exercise, excitement, and orgasm;
and they resemble the opiates in their abilities to produce
a sense of well-being. Endorphins work as "natural pain
killers", whose effects may be enhanced by other medications.
The term "endorphin rush"
has been adopted in popular speech to refer to feelings of
exhilaration brought on by pain, danger, or other forms of
stress, supposedly due to the influence of endorphins. However,
this term does not occur in the medical literature
Another widely publicized effect
of endorphin production is the so-called "runner's high",
which is said to occur when strenuous exercise takes a person
over a threshold that activates endorphin production. Endorphins
are released during long, continuous workouts, when the level
of intensity is between moderate and high, and breathing is
difficult. This also corresponds with the time that muscles
use up their stored glycogen. Workouts that are most likely
to produce endorphins include running, swimming, cross-country
skiing, long distance rowing, bicycling, weight lifting, aerobics,
or playing a sport such as basketball, soccer, or American
STIMULI / STIMULATION
the incoming information from an action. Stimulation is the
action of various agents (stimuli) on muscles, nerves, or
a sensory end organ, by which activity is evoked; especially,
the nervous impulse produced by various agents on nerves,
or a sensory end organ, by which the part connected with the
nerve is thrown into a state of activity.
Stimulation in general refers to
how organisms perceive incoming stimuli. As such it is part
of the stimulus-response mechanism. Simple organisms broadly
react in three ways to stimulation: too little stimulation
causes them to stagnate, too much to die from stress or inability
to adapt, and a medium amount causes them to adapt and grow
as they overcome it. Similar categories or effect are noted
with psychological stress with people. Thus, stimulation may
be described as how external events provoke a response by
an individual in the attempt to cope.
A high level of stimulation ("over-stimulation")
can lead to psychological problems. For example, ADHD is,
theoretically, a condition in which over-stimulation is a
part. It is hypothesized that long term over stimulation can
result eventually in a phenomenon called "adrenal
exhaustion" (sensory overload and burnout) over time,
but this is not medically accepted or proven at this time.
What is sure is that ongoing, long term stimulation, can for
some individuals prove harmful, and a more relaxed and less
stimulated life may be beneficial.
response, also called the fright, fight or flight response,
hyperarousal or the acute stress
response. The response simply tells us how we respond in a
stressful situation, fighting or fleeing. This response is
the first stage of a general adaptation syndrome that regulates
stress responses among vertebrates and other organisms.
(adrenal exhaustion/adrenal fatigue)
is a term for a hypothesised condition
of the adrenal glands. The terms adrenal exhaustion
or adrenal fatigue are often used (and connected to hypoadrenia)
by complementary and alternative therapists, and can be fatal
if in its later stages. People with hypoadrenaia have a tendency to gain weight and are unable
to lose it, especially around the waist. High frequency of
getting the flu and other respiratory diseases and these symptoms
tend to last longer than usual, tendency to tremble when under
pressure, reduced sex drive, lightheaded when rising from
a lying down position, unable to remember things. Lack of
energy in the mornings and also in the afternoon between 3
to 5 pm. Feel better suddenly for a brief period after a meal.
Often feel tired between 9 - 10 pm, but resist going to bed.
Need coffee or stimulants to get going in the morning. Crave
for salty, fatty, and high protein food such as meat and cheese,
feels better when stress is relieved, such as on a vacation,
difficulties in getting up in the morning Lightheaded. Symptoms
also include mild depression, food and or inhalant allergies,
lethargy and lack of energy, increased effort to perform daily
tasks and dry and thin skin.
glands are part of the body's mechanism for short term stress
response and management; they are involved in the production
of the hormone adrenaline
(also known as epinephrine),
the famous fight or flight chemical released in stressful
situations, which increases the body's metabolic rate and
muscular contraction strength. Along with the thyroid gland
they are also part of the body's metabolic energy regulation
and control system, and thus control to an extent the energy
available to body systems.
I totally understand
it took you a great deal of focus to read this entire text,
if you are anything like me. Either that or you started over
many times, since many other things and thoughts interrupted
you along the way. However, as something is interesting, we
do all the research we can to know and understand, control
freaks as we are. Learn to love and live with it.